Jumaat, 7 September 2012

Hangul 8 : Parts of the body(몸)

     I think you might get bored if I just post about the alphabets, numbers and the pronouns. Actually there is a lot more that you need to learn about the sentence order before you can construct your own sentences. But now I want you to take a break and introduce you with the parts of the body.

Regarding the parts of the body, we can ask these two question ; What is this? and Where does it hurts?

Q : 어디가 아파요 ?  |  eodiga apayo?  | Where does it hurts?                            
A : _____가 아파요. |  ___ga apayo.   |  My____ hurts. 
Q : 이것이 뭐예요 ?  |  igesshi moeyeyo?  |  What is this?
A :_______ 예요. /  |  ______ yeyo.        |  It is ______
    ______ 이예요.    |  ______  iyeyo.      |  It is ______  
     You has to replace the line with a part of the body. You can also see that there is two answers for the second question. That is called a subject particle. When the subject end with a consonant, you should add 이 after the subject. If the subject end with a vowel, you don't need to add 이.
For example : 
Q : 이것이 뭐예요 ?               Q : 이것이 뭐예요 ?
A : 머리 예요.                       A : 이예요.
Here are the parts of the body that you need to remember.
Boby Parts
nape of the neck목덜미mokdeolmi
palm of the hand손바닥sonbadak
index finger검지geomji
ring finger약지yakji

Internal Organs


 You can also learn by watching this video

or by this video. It is the Head, Shoulder, Knee and Toes song in Korea.

Khamis, 6 September 2012

Hangul 7 : Numbers

     There are two systems of numbers in Korean which are Korean Numbers (Native Korean) and Chineese-derived Numbers (Sino Korean). Korean numbers are used mostly for counting, while Chineese numbers are used for reading the numerals. However, for the numbers one hundred and above, Chineese numbers are used.

     In Native Korean, to express let say 11 it’s 열하나 (yeol-hana) so the formula is 10 (열) + 1 (하나).  This is  also applied to the numbers 20-99. You have to memorize at least 18 numbers in Native Korean [1-9 and the multiple of 10 from 10 to 90].
     While in Sino-Korean, to express let say 32 it’s 삼십이 (sam-ship-i) so the formula is 3 (삼) X 10 (십) + 2 (이).  There are few numbers to memorize in Sino-Korean, with just 13 numbers to you can go up to a million already. 

Rabu, 5 September 2012

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Hangul 6 : Personal Pronouns

     You can use these personal pronouns when you're talking to others using Korean Language. You can see that some of the words were labelled with (humble) and (honorific). In Korean Language, they used different words when they are talking to people who are older or people who wasn't close to them to show respect. 
Let see the use of 'I' for example; 나 (na) is used when we are talking to our friends or people who closed to us while 저 (jeo)-labelled (humble) is used when we're talking to older people or someone who is not close to us.

Selasa, 4 September 2012

Hangul 5 : Batchim (Final Consonant) (받침)

     The consonants on the end of a syllable are called 'Batchim'. The sound of the final consonants is based on 7 consonants : , , , , , and . When the letters with 'red' colour are placed at the end of a syllable, we need to pronounce them using the sound of the 'green' coloured letters. Their (red letters) original sound which we had learnt before are no longer used.

ㄱ , ㄲ , ㅋ                                 ~> = K
                                              ~>= N
ㄷ , ㅅ , ㅆ , ㅈ , ㅊ , ㅌ , ㅎ      ~>= T
                                             ~> = L
                                             ~> = M
ㅂ , ㅍ                                       ~> = P
                                             ~>= NG

Hangul 4 : 11 Complex Vowels

     There are 11 complex vowels, which are made of by joining the 10 basic vowels.
ㅐ   ae as hand
ㅒ   ye as yet
ㅔ   e as set
ㅖ   ye as yes
ㅘ   wa as what
ㅙ   wae as wait
ㅚ   oe as wait
ㅝ   wo as wonder
ㅞ   we as web
ㅟ   wi as window
ㅢ   ui
     They are written as [ㅇ(yieung) + complex vowels] 

 애 |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  

Hangul 3 : 5 Double Consonants (자음)

     There are 5 double consonants which is the double of ,, , and . The double consonants are pronounced without any air release and tensified in the throat.

ㄲ   (ssang-giyeok)   ~>   kk 
ㄸ   (ssang-digeut)   ~>   dd 
ㅃ   (ssang-bieup)    ~>   pp 
ㅆ   (ssang-siot)       ~>   ss 
ㅉ   (ssang-jieut)      ~>   jj

Hangul 2 : 14 Basic Consonants (자음)

     You've learnt the basic vowels. Now let's move on to the basic consonants. The shapes of the letter were based on graphic imitations of the human articulators.

ㄱ (giyeok)    ~>   g,k as gold, wok
ㄴ (nieun)      ~>   n as November
ㄷ (digeut)     ~>   d, t as doll, dot
ㄹ (rieul)       ~>   l, r as load, radio
ㅁ (mieum)   ~>   m as mother
ㅂ (bieup)     ~>   b, p as buy, lap
ㅅ (siot)        ~>   s as show
ㅇ (yieung)   ~>   no sound if placed in front, ng as king if placed at the end
ㅈ (jieut)      ~>   j as joy
ㅊ (chieuk)   ~>   ch as chess
ㅋ (kieuk)    ~>   k as kind
ㅌ (tieut)     ~>   t as take
ㅍ (pieup)    ~>   p as put
ㅎ (hieut)    ~>   h as hot

Isnin, 3 September 2012

Hangul 1 : 10 Basic Vowels (모음 ) (Part 2)

      You've already learnt the 10 basic vowels in Hangul right.? Let's practise to pronounce it. Here are 8 words that consists of basic vowels only.

아이  (a-i)             ~> child 
아우  (a-u)            ~> younger brother
우유  (u-yu)          ~> milk 
이유  (i-yu)           ~> reason 
오이  (o-i)             ~> cucumber 
여우  (yeo-u)        ~> fox 
여유  (yeo-yu)      ~> extra (time, money, etc) 
야유  (ya-yu)        ~>heckling

Ahad, 2 September 2012

Oppa Gangnam Style

     Gangnam Style's popularity had been rise since the famous rapper in Korea, Psy release his K-Pop single album called Psy 6 Rules. "Gangnam Style" is a Korean language colloquialism that refers to a luxurious lifestyle associated with the Gangnam district, an affluent and trendy area of Seoul. The music video depicts Psy dancing at various locations in Gangnam. The song's theme is about "the perfect girlfriend who knows when to be refined and when to get wild."

Wants to see the Gangnam Style MV.? Click here.
Other related Gangnam Style. 1) Suasana Gangnam Raya
                                             2) ORANG SABAH STYLE (OPPA GANGNAM STYLE PARODY)
                                             3) Singaporean Style (Gangnam Style Parody)

How To Change Your Keyboard Language

     I'll show you how to change your keyboard language. Usually our default language is English right.? I'll show you how to change it into Korea as an example.

STEP 1 : 

STEP 2 :

STEP 3 :

STEP 4 : 

STEP 5 :

STEP 6 :
If you want to use other than Korean, then click on the language that you prefer.
 STEP 7 :

STEP 8 :
When you click the EN icon, then click on the language that you want to use.
That's it. You know how to do it right.? If you don't understand, please leave me your comment. I'll try to help you out. (^_^)

Hangul 1 : 10 Basic Vowels (모음)

     My lecturer said that "If you want to learn Korean Language, you must learn the Korean alphabets first. Because Hangul's sound cannot be romanized.". Now lets learn the 10 basic vowels of Korean Alphabets, Hangul.

     In the creation of the description of the vowel, King Sejong had applied East Asian philosophy of divination, a belief which existence are all in Yin and Yang system. And sound is no exception. There is brightness and darkness in sound. In order to represent this principle into vowel description, three basic shape were created in the image of the sky ( . ), land ( - ) and man ( | ) and it expresses many aspects of the sounds in unique way. As time passed, the dot changed iinto dash shape because the dot hardly recognized in the character. There are 10 basic vowels and 11 complex vowels that Korean used now. The followings are the basic vowels taht is in alphabetical order.

When writing the basic vowels, we need to write it with a consonant called yieung ( ). The vowels will look like these.

Sabtu, 1 September 2012

Unit 1 : Hangul

     Koreans use their own unique alphabet called Hangul (originally called Hun Min Jeong Um), and it was created under King Sejong and completed in 1443 during the Chosun Dynasty. Before that, Korean had been using Chineese characters to describe the Korean language. Then King Sejong realized that the system is not suitable for Korean language because Chineese has too many character to choose for the sound of Korean. Furthermore, only upper social classes' children could be sent to learnt Chineese character, which is unfair to the majority people who are remain illiteracy. He wanted to create a veru easy and understandable new characters so that everybody can express their thoughts in written form without any difficulties. With these grounds, he has created own unique Korean alphabets, Hangul which consists of 40 letters, 21 to represent vowels and diphthongs and 19 to represent the consonant.

The picture of King Sejong

King Sejong Statue at Gwanghwamun Square, Seoul, Korea.

Introduction To Hangul

     K-Pop are getting famous in the world right now isn't it? Well, currently I'm studying Korean Language a.k.a Hangul. I intend to share it in my blog so that people who are interested in Korean Language can learn it here. I'll try to let you learn just like what I learnt in my class. I learnt Korean Language from a Korean Lecturer called Tiara. First of all, I want you to know what is Hangul and its history.

Hangul (Korean: 한글 ; transcribed as Han-geul in South Korea), also known as Chosŏn'gŭl (조선글) in North Korea, is the native alphabet of the Korean language. It was created during the Joseon Dynasty in 1443, and is still the official alphabet of Korea.
Hangul is a true alphabet of 24 consonant and vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin alphabet, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 han, each of which transcribes a syllable. That is, although the syllable 한 han may look like a single character, it is composed of three letters: ㅎ h, ㅏ a, and ㄴ n. Each syllabic block consists of two to five letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel. These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom. The number of possible blocks is 11,172, though there are far fewer possible syllables in Korean, and not all possible syllables actually occur. For a phonological description, see Korean phonology.
Taken from Hangul-Wikipedia
To read more about Hangul and its history, please kindly click here.